urticaceae family characteristics

The Urticaceae include a number of well-known and useful plants, including nettles in the genus Urtica, ramie (Boehmeria nivea), māmaki (Pipturus albidus), and ajlai (Debregeasia saeneb). The stinging nettle (Urtica dioica ) grows wild in nitrogen-rich soil on the edges of fields, stream banks, waste places, and close to stables and human habitations throughout the United States and Europe. U bepaalt de grootte helemaal zelf Statistics. The family is typical of the nettle order. Urtica, Parietaria), or, rarely, trees (Dendrocnide, Cecropia). Monoecy has evolved independently at least four times within the family. Korscheltellus lupulinus - Common Swift Cnephasia alticolana Pandemis dumetana Clepsis rurinana VU Clepsis pallidana Epiphyas postvittana - Light Brown Apple Moth Orthotaenia undulana Previous systematic studies based on morphology, or using up to four plastome regions, have not … Many species are tropical. The family is of little economic importance except for Boehmeria nivea (L.) Gaudich. that produces ramie fibre, and some herbaceous species that are cultivated as ornamentals. The fossil record of Urticaceae is scattered and mostly based on dispersed fruits. Now we've left the Urtica genus, but are still in the Urticaceae family. The Family Cannabaceae. Definition of Urticaceae in the Definitions.net dictionary. Urtica dioica L., as a plant rich in biologically active compounds, is considered one of … Systematic Position of the Family in Different Systems of Classifications: P: Genus Corchoropsis Siebold & Zucc. It likes to grow in moist woodland soils, so look for it along streams or rivers. The family name comes from the genus Urtica. Urticaceae Juss. Moraceae pollen is generally only identified to the family taxonomic level and has hitherto been grouped together with the nettle family (Urticaceae) because of morphological similarity between grains (e.g. It likes to grow in moist woodland soils, so look for it along streams or rivers. (2002) and Hadiah et al. The flowers are solitary or borne in clusters and typically feature 5 petals, 5 sepals, and 10 stamens (male parts). Debregeasia is an economically important genus of the nettle family (Urticaceae). The family name comes from the genus Urtica. Angiosperm Phylogeny Website (Family: Urticaceae, Order: Rosales) Wikipedia. – false nettle P: Genus Cypholophus Weddell – lopleaf P: Genus Dendrocnide Miq. Characteristics Flowers The Urticaceae Family was named and described by Antoine Laurent de Jussieu in Genera Plantarum in 1789. See Friis (1993) and Kubitzki (1993a) for general information about the family and Sytsma et al. Urticaceae Juss. Corrections? Both male flowers and female flowers may be borne on the same plant, though some species are dioecious (producing male … Young leaves and stems are edible when cooked like spinach. Leaves: Alternate, petiolate- petiole long and hollow; simple, lobed, exstipulate, palmately veined; tendrils present in the axil of leaf or opposite to the leaf. A common ant-plant mutualism in the Neotropics involves the genus Cecropia, a group of fast-growing pioneer trees that are important in forest regeneration. Title: URTICACEAE Author: Anthony Robert Brach Created Date: 10/24/2003 9:23:01 AM 2. Cystoliths generally present. Family Urticaceae – Nettle family : Contains 19 Genera and 86 accepted taxa overall : Down one level : Genus Boehmeria Jacq. The family is of little economic importance except for Boehmeria nivea (L.) Gaudich. •Leaves are very large, sheathing the stem, and arranged spirally with a thick oval midrib, veins running from the midrib to the leaf margin. Characteristics and mutational hotspots of plastomes in Debregeasia (Urticaceae) Research output: Contribution to journal › Article. The long fibres in the stems of some species, such as ramie (Boehmeria nivea), are used in the textile industry. Of these 1,303 are accepted species names. Stipules usually present. Proper usage and audio pronunciation of the word family Urticaceae. Our New England species in the Polygonaceae are primarily herbs or vines. The trumpet tree (Cecropia peltata), a tropical American species that has hollow stems inhabited by biting ants, is an extremely aggressive invasive species. Synonyms for family Urticaceae in English including definitions, and related words. The family includes about 2,625 species, grouped into 53 genera according to the database of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew and Christenhusz and Byng (2016). APG still considers "old" Urticales a monophyletic group, but does not recognise it as an order on its own. Sageretia oppositifolia (H. Goata) – A climbing shrub, fruit small, black sweetish edible, wood is hard grained. Sour juice, from oxalic acid, is common in this family. The fruits are either dry nutlets or drupes. They are wind-pollinated. Most disperse their pollen when the stamens are mature and their filaments straighten explosively, a peculiar and conspicuously specialised mechanism. The plants grow either prostrate along the ground or climb using tendrils.25 They rarely grow as trees, shrubs or bushes. Dioecy (having individuals with separate sexes) appears to be the primitive state in Moraceae. Nettle is a member of the Urticaceae family, which includes as many as 500 species worldwide. Colinvaux et al., Urticaceae the nettle family comprising about 45 genera of herbs, shrubs, small trees, and a few vines, distributed primarily in tropical regions. Ventilago denticulata is a strong climber. P: Genus Elatostema J.R. Forst. Urticating (stinging) hairs are often present. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. The links take you… Here, we report 25 new plastomes for Urticaceae, including 12 plastomes from five Debregeasia species and 13 plastomes from other genera. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership. Three genera of the family have stinging hairs: Urtica, Laportea, and Hesperocnide, the last being a native of California. Urticaceae, I. Friis University of Copenhagen, Denmark. Den virtuella floran: Urticaceae; Butterflies. The stems and leaves of many species—especially the nettles (Urtica), the wood nettles (Laportea), and the Australian stinging trees (Dendrocnide)—have stinging trichomes (plant hairs) that cause a painful rash upon contact. Family: Urticaceae Links. They have usually unisexual flowers and can be both monoecious or dioecious. What does Urticaceae mean? Fruits: Description. Division: Magnoliophyta. What does Urticaceae mean? The small greenish flowers often form clusters in the leaf axils. Many species, especially the nettles (Urtica) and Australian nettle trees (Laportea), have stinging hairs on the stems and leaves.The leaves are varied and the sap is usually watery. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. The flowers have a perianth of 4 or 5 segments, 4 or 5 stamens in the male flowers, and a 1-called ovary in the female. characTerisTics of This planT family leaves, sTem & rooTs ~ •Non woody, herbaceous plants, with thick pseudostems formed from the leaf sheaths. The dry one-seeded fruit often is enclosed by the outer whorl of the flower cluster. Characteristics and Mutational Hotspots of Plastomes in Debregeasia (Urticaceae) Debregeasia is an economically important genus of the nettle family (Urticaceae). Urticaceae Jussieu . Het kunstwerk Urticaceae (Nettle Family) Illustration from the 'Book of Simple Medicines' by Mattheaus Platearius - Robinet Testard leveren wij als kunstdruk op canvas, poster, dibond of op kunstpapier. Cecropia, which has variously been placed in the Moraceae, Urticaceae, or their own family, Cecropiaceae, is now included in the Urticaceae. Annual or perennial herbs, shrubs or small trees, monoecious or dioecious, sometimes with stinging hairs. Most disperse their pollen when the stamens are mature and their filaments straighten explosively, a peculiar and conspicuously specialised mechanism. Updates? Urticaceae, the nettle family (order Rosales) comprising about 54 genera and 2,625 species of herbs, shrubs, small trees, and a few vines, distributed primarily in tropical regions. A wash of stinging nettle tea or common mullein tea (Verbascum thapsus) will often alleviate the stinging. The stems and leaves of many species—especially the nettles ( Urtica ), the wood nettles ( Laportea ), and the Australian stinging trees ( Dendrocnide )—have stinging trichomes (plant… The simple leaves are usually oppositely arranged along the stem and can be toothed or entire. Members of the family are often evergreen species that thrive on open barren land with usually acid poorly drained soils. Nettle family Urtica dioica (Stinging nettle) Scientific classification; Kingdom: Plantae. The small, greenish flowers often form clusters in the leaf axils. Economic Importance of Rosaceae: 1. Among them are:[19], CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (, Early Flowers and Angiosperm Evolution by, Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN), "The number of known plants species in the world and its annual increase", "Ancestral state reconstruction reveals rampant homoplasy of diagnostic morphological characters in Urticaceae, conflicting with current classification schemes", "Phylogeny of the Urticales based on three molecular data sets, with emphasis on relationships within Urticaceae", "Urticalean rosids: Circumscription, rosid ancestry, and phylogenetics based on, "On the origin of the fig: Phylogenetic relationships of Moraceae from, "The revision of species-rich genera: A phylogenetic framework for the strategic revision of, "Common Names of Plant Diseases: Diseases of Foliage Plants (House Plants): Urticaceae", "Influence of host plant and isolate source on Myrothecium leaf spot of foliage plants", Transactions of the British Mycological Society, "Angiosperm Phylogeny Website, Version 13", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Urticaceae&oldid=997883959, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Myrothecium leaf spot, a fungal disease caused by, Southern blight, a fungal disease caused by, This page was last edited on 2 January 2021, at 18:29. – stingingnettle P: Genus Laportea Gaudich. Meaning of Urticaceae. List of lepidoptera species using Urticaceae as larval foodplant. Inflorescences usually cymose, densely clustered. Stinging nettle (Urtica dioica L.) belongs to the family Urticaceae. 1989. List of Plants from Urticaceae Family (Total 1 Plants from Urticaceae). Meaning of Urticaceae. Pronunciation of Urticaceae with 1 audio pronunciation, 4 synonyms, 3 translations and more for Urticaceae. Nettle Family. Synonyms for family Urticaceae in Free Thesaurus. Flora of Tropical East Africa. Plants of the World Online lists 54 accepted genera in this family commonly known as the nettle family. However, phylogenetic relationships within order are still not well resolved, but the principal families recognized are Rosaceae, Rhamnaceae, Ulmaceae, Cannabaceae, Urticaceae, and Moraceae. Urticaceae, the nettle family (order Rosales) comprising about 54 genera and 2,625 species of herbs, shrubs, small trees, and a few vines, distributed primarily in tropical regions. buckwheat family. The family Urticaceae Jussieu consists of approximately 54 genera with more than 2000 species, and is widely distributed in tropical regions but less common in temperate regions, with by far the largest concentration of genera and species in tropical … Now we've left the Urtica genus, but are still in the Urticaceae family. Gouania tiliaefolia is a climber with inferior three-winged fruits. – a family of plants of order Urticales including many nettles with stinging hairs 1 Information and translations of Urticaceae in the most comprehensive dictionary definitions resource on the web. De brandnetelfamilie (Urticaceae) is een familie van bedektzadigen.In Nederland is de bekendste vertegenwoordiger de brandnetel.. Meaning of family Urticaceae. Their leaves are usually entire and bear stipules. What does family Urticaceae mean? Some are annual herbs, others are perennials than die back each year and sprout up new growth from an underground root network. How to say Urticaceae in English? The Urticaceae/ɜːrtɪˈkeɪsiː/are a family, the nettle family, of flowering plants. Urticaceae (Nettle Family) Urticaceae is a small family in the Bay Area, with three native species and two known European varieties. Want help getting started? – false nettle P: Genus Cypholophus Weddell – lopleaf P: Genus Dendrocnide Miq. & G. Forst. The Urticaceae are distinctive in being usually monoecious or dioecious herbs, shrubs, trees, or lianas, often with calcium carbonate cystoliths, some taxa having stinging trichomes, the flowers small, wind … Nettle Family, Urticaceae The Nettle family contains 52 genera and over 1,300 species worldwide, but in Finland only one genus ( Urtica ), which many people are surprised to learn has two species. P: Genus Hesperocnide Torr. They have usually unisexual flowers and can be both monoecious or dioecious. The APG II system puts the Urticaceae in the order Rosales, while older systems consider them part of the Urticales, along with Ulmaceae, Moraceae, and Cannabaceae. Family Urticaceae – Nettle family : Contains 19 Genera and 86 accepted taxa overall : Down one level : Genus Boehmeria Jacq. They are wind-pollinated. Many species, especially the nettles (Urtica) and Australian nettle trees (Laportea), have stinging hairs on the stems and leaves. Family Tiliaceae – Linden family : Contains 11 Genera and 32 accepted taxa overall : Down one level : Genus Clappertonia Meissner – clappertonia P: Genus Colona Cav. The plant seeds itself, and, in favorable conditions, nettle spreads freely from it… Information and translations of Urticaceae in the most comprehensive dictionary definitions resource on the web. Characteristics and Mutational Hotspots of Plastomes in Debregeasia (Urticaceae) Debregeasia is an economically important genus of the nettle family (Urticaceae). P: Genus Hesperocnide Torr. 45-48 genera, 700-1000 species. Definition of Urticaceae in the Definitions.net dictionary. Twelve species based on fossil achenes are known from the Late Cretaceous of Central Europe. Members of the Stinging Nettle family are herbs with simple, usually opposite leaves and occasionally squarish, usually hairy stems. Annual nettle is rarer, smaller and annual (of course). This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/plant/Urticaceae, The Families of Flowering Plants - Urticaceae, nettle family - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). For more information about this family ( of course ) de bekendste vertegenwoordiger de brandnetel as 500 species.! Family of plants of the family have stinging hairs woodland soils, so look for it along streams rivers! 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